....พฤหัตชาฏก นี้เป็นฉบับภาคภาษาอังกฤษ ซึ่งนำมาจากเวปสาธารณะของต่างประเทศ พฤหัตชาดกนั้นเป็นตำราโหราศาสตร์ที่เป็นมรดกของชาวโหราศาสตร์ทุกท่าน มีการรจนากันไว้นานมากแล้ว และถูกถ่ายทอดต่อๆ กันมาจวบจนปัจจุบัน อันถือเป็นส่วนหนึ่งของหัวใจโหราศาสตร์สายนิรายนะเลยก็ว่าได้ ฉะนั้นข้าพเจ้าและทีมงาน เลยนำมาฝากเนื่องจากทางเวปนั้นเขาได้อนุญาตให้นำไปใช้ศึกษาได้โดยไม่มีลิขสิทธิ์ใดๆ ทั้งสิ้น เพราะเขาถือว่าเป้นสมบัติที่ตกทอดกันมานมนานมาก อันถือว่าเป้นสมบัติของชาวโลกทุกคน เขาจึงไมหวงแหนใดๆ ทั้งสิ้น
.....ไม่เหมือนบ้านเราที่รู้ทั้งรู้ว่าลอกเขามา แต่ก็ตั้งหน้าตั้งตาหวงกันเป้นว่าเล่น จนวิชาหลายๆ อย่างเกือบสาบสูญกันไป ฉะนั้นขอให้ทุกท่านได้โปรดสืบทอดเจตนารมณ์ของบรรพจารย์ที่ตั้งใจ รจนาไว้ให้ลูกหลานได้ศึกษากันด้วย แล้วท่านใดก็อย่าได้นำไปอ้างว่าเป้นสมบัติส่วนตัวของท่านเอง เพราะ ความรู้โหราศาสตร์เกือบทั้งหมดต้องยอมรับกันว่ามีที่มาจากสมัยโบร่ำโบราณ ตั้งแต่สมัยยังไม่มีลิขสิทธิ์ ที่ตกทอดกันมาถึงวันนี้ได้ก็สืบเนื่องมาจากผู้รจนามีเจตนารมณ์อันประเสริฐที่จะให้ลูกหลานได้ศึกษาเรียนรู้ ได้ทราบที่โบราณจารย์ได้สั่งสมกันมาเป้นเวลา เกือบ 6,000 ปี ขอเชิญทัศนาเพื่อสาธารณะกุศล และ พิจารณาขยายอรรถความ กันได้ครับ
Brihat_Jataka หรือ พฤหัตชาฏก
Explanation of technicalities used
The Sun, who is one of the AshtaMurthies of Siva, who forms the path for those who go to Moksha, who represents Atma for those who are well versed in Atmavidya, who accepts the results of the sacrificial rites, who is the master of Amaras and Jyotishas; who destroys, creates and protects the Lokas, who is praised in the Vedas in various forms, who is possessed of many rays and who is the lamp of the three worlds, may he grant us speech?
Although there are great many works ably written by intelligent men in accordance with excellent literary style, many people get dispirited in trying to cross the vast ocean of horoscopic knowledge; to such I offer a small boat, constructed with metre of various kinds, short but very suggestive and full of instructive ideas, to enable them to cross this ocean.
The science of astrology is called Hora Sastra from the compounding of the two words Aho and Ratri and the dropping of the first and last letters; and it speaks of the results of the good and bad deeds done by men in their previous births.
In the celestial Chakra (globe) the signs commencing with Mesha and Aswini, are each formed by nine padams (quarters) of stars and govern the following organs of Kalapurusha, namely, head, face, chest, heart, belly, waist, lower belly, sexual organ, thighs, knees, buttocks and feet respectively. Rasi, Kshetra, Griha, Ruksha, Bha and Bhavana refer to and signify the zodiacal signs.
Meena is represented by two fishes lying close to each other with their heads pointing in opposite directions; Kumbha is shown by a person bearing a water pot; Mithuna is indicated by a man with a club and a woman with a lute, in close embrace; Dhanus is described as a Centaur with the hind part resembling that of a horse and the front of an archer; Makara bears the representation of the face of a deer with the hinder part of a crocodile; Thula represents the appearance of a man with a balance in hand; Kanya is shown by a virgin seated in a boat with a crop in one hand and with a light in the other, and the other signs are represented by their names and move in places congenial to their nature.
Kuja, Sukra, Budha, Chandra, Ravi, Budha, Sukra, Kuja, Guru, Sani, Sani and Guru are respectively the lords of the signs and their divisions from Mesha; the navamsas commence from Mesha, Makara, Thula and Kataka, etc., Dwadasamsas commence from the houses themselves.
Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury and Venus govern five, eight, seven and five Bhagas (degrees) respectively in the Trimsamsas of the odd signs while the order is reversed in those of the even signs. The last part of Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces goes under the name of Rikshasandhi (junction of two rasis or constellations).
Kriya, Thavuri, Jitheema, Kulira, Laya, Pathona, Juka, Kowrpi, Thaukshika, Akokero, Hridroga and Anthya are names for Mesha, Vrishabha, Mithuna, Kataka, Simha, Kanya, Thula, Vrischika, Dhanus, Makara, Kumbha and Meena respectively.
If a planet is in its Drekkana, Hora, Navamsa, Trimsamsa, Dwadasamsa and Rasi, it is said to be in its Varga.
Vrishabha, Mesha, Dhanus, Kataka, Mithuna and Makara are Ratribala Rasis or signs powerful during night. With the exception of Mithuna these same rasis are called Prustodayas, The other rasis, viz., Simha, Kanya, Thula, Kumbha and Vrischika are called Dinabala Rasis. These with Mithuna are called Sirshodayas. Meena is called Oobhayodaya.
The signs are cruel and beneficial regularly, they are also masculine and feminine, the same are also movable, fixed and common; the lords of the cardinal points are the lords of the triangular houses from Mesha, Vrishabha, Mithuna and Kataka. In odd signs, the first hora is governed by Ravi and the second hora by Chandra and the reverse holds good in the even signs. The lords of the Drekkanas are the lords of the 1st, 5th and 9th in a rasi.
Some writers on astrology say that the first hora is governed by the lord of that house while the second hora is governed by the lord of the eleventh from that house. They further say that the lords of the Drekkanas are: (1) the lord of the first, (2) the lord of the 12th, and (3) the lord of the eleventh houses respectively.
Aries, Taurus, Capricorn, Virgo, Cancer, Pisces and Libra are signs of exaltation for the Sun, etc., respectively. The 10th, 3rd, 28th, 15th, 5th, 27th and 20th degrees of the above signs are deep exaltations for the Sun, etc., respectively. The seventh from these are the signs and degrees of debilitations for those planets.
The first navamsa of movable, the middle navamsa of the fixed and the last navamsa of the double-bodied signs are technically called Vargottama, Leo, Taurus, Aries, Virgo, Sagittarius, Libra and Aquarius are Moolathrikonas for the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn respectively.
The twelve houses from lagna have been given the following names: (1) Thanu, (2) Kutumba, (3) Sahotha, (4) Bandhu. (5) Putra, (6) Ari, (7) Patni, (8) Marana, (9) Shubha, (10) Aspada, (11) Aaya, and (12) Ripha. The Oopachayas are the 3rd, 6th, 10th and 11th houses from lagna, while the rest are Apachayas. Some say that these should not be taken as permanent.
Kalya, Swa, Vikrama, Griha, Pratibha, Kshata, Chitthotha, Randhra, Guru, Mana, Bhava, Vyaya are names of birth, second, third, etc., houses, respectively. The fourth and eighth from lagna are technically called Chaturasra, the seventh goes under the name of Dyuna and the tenth is Agnya.
Kantaka, Kendra and Chatustaya denote quadrants and these are Saptama (7th), Lagna (1st), Chaturtha (4th) and Kha (10th) Bhanam Rasis (signs). The Nara Rasis (masculine signs) are Mithuna, Kanya, Thula, the first half of Dhanus and Kumbha and these are powerful when they happen to be birth signs. The Jalachara Rasis (Aquatic) are Kataka, Meena, the second half of Makara, and these become powerful in the fourth. Kita Rasi (Vrischika) becomes powerful in the7th, and Pasu Rasis (quadruped) Mesha, Vrishabha, Simha, the 2nd half of Dhanus and the 1st half of Makara become potent when they become the 10th houses.
Those houses next to kendras are called Panaparas and those next to Panaparas are designated Apoklimas. Hibuka, Ambu, Sukha and Vesma denote 4th house, Jamitra denotes 7th, Suthabham, Thrikona shows 5th, Meshurana and Karma are names for Dasama (10th).
If the lord of the birth, Jupiter or Mercury occupy or aspect lagna (birth) it becomes most powerful. If other than these planets aspect or occupy it, it will not be so. All signs in kendras are powerful. Signs in Panaparas are of moderate strength while signs in Apoklimas are powerless. Biped signs are powerful during day, Quadruped signs in the night and Kita Rasi during the two twilights. The measure of the rasis from Mesha to Kanya inclusive is 5-6-7-8-9 and 10 multiplied by four, respectively, the other half from Thula to Meena in the reverse order, Sahaja (3rd) is called Duschikya, Navama (9th) is denoted as Thapas and Trikona.
Blood-red, white, green, whitish red, smoky, variegated, black, golden, reddish yellow, whitish yellow. Darkish white, and fish tint are the colours of Aries, etc., respectively. The signs of planets get Plava in the direction of their lords. The second from the Sun becomes Vasi.
The Sun represents the Atma, the Moon mind, Mars strength, Mercury speech, Jupiter wisdom and happiness, Venus passions, and Saturn sorrow, of Kalapurusha respectively. The Sun and the Moon are Rajas, Mars is Commander-in-Chief, Mercury is Yuva Raja, Jupiter and Venus are ministers, and Saturn is the servant.
Heli and Surya are names for the Sun. Chandrama and Sitarasmi stand for the Moon. Hemno, Vit, Gna, Bodhana and Induputra are names for Mercury. Ara, Vakra, Kruradrik, Avanaya denote Mars; Kona, Manda, Suryaputra and Asita stand for Saturn.
Jiva, Angira, Suraguru, Vachasampathi and Ijya are terms for Jupiter.Sukra, Bhrigu, Brigusuta, Sita and Aspujit are names for Venus.Thamas, Agu and Asura are names for Rahu, Sikhi stands for Kethu.Their other names must be learnt from well-known works in the world.
The Sun is dark-red, the Moon white, Mars blood-red, Mercury green, Jupiter yellow or golden, Venus neither white nor black, Saturn black.
Copper colour is governed by the Sun, while white by the Moon, blood-red by Mars, green by Mercury, yellow by Jupiter, variegated colours by Venus and black by Saturn. The Sun has Agni as adhidevata. The Moon Ambu, Mars has Kumara, Mercury has Kesava, Jupiter has Indra, Venus has Indrani, and Saturn has Kaha. The east, etc., is governed by the Sun, Venus, Mars, Rahu, Saturn, Moon, Mercury and Jupiter respectively. Waning Moon, Sun, Mars, Saturn and Mercury in conjunction with them, are malefics.
Saturn and Mercury are impotent, Venus and Moon are females and the rest are masculine. Fire, earth, sky, water and air are rules by Mars, etc.
Sukra and Guru represent Vipras, Kuja and Ravi Kshatriyas, Chandra Vaisya, Budha Sudra, and Sani represents Antyajas. Chandra, Ravi and Guru represent Satwa, Kuja and Sani Thamasa, and Budha and Sukra represent Rajasa
Stanza 8: toStanza 11:
The Sun has a well proportioned body, is bilious and possesses pingala eyes, has short hairs, coloured eyes.The Moon has a well rounded body, much wind and phlegm, intelligent, sweet speech and good eyes.Mars is youthful, liberal bilious, fickleminded and possesses a thin waist.Mercury has gurgling speech, fond of joking and has a mixture of air, phlegm and bile.Jupiter has a corpulent body, golden locks and eyes, moral and is phlegmatic.Venus is fond of happiness, handsome, fine eyes and black ringlets and a temperament compounded of wind and phlegm.Saturn is lazy, has yellowish eyes, lean tall body, stout teeth and rough hairs. He is of a windy temperament. Saturn governs nerves, the Sun rules bones, the Moon controls the blood, Mercury the skin, Venus the sperm, Jupiter the brain, and Mars the marrow.
The Sun controls Devastana, the Moon watery place, Mars the fire place, Mercury the gaming place, Jupiter the treasury, Venus the bed room, and Saturn the heap of dirt.The Sun governs rough cloth, the Moon rules new clothes, Mars controls burnt clothes, Mercury rules soaked clothes, Jupiter neither old nor new clothes, Venus controls strong clothes, and Saturn rules rags. Sun governs copper, Moon precious stones, Mars gold, Mercury belimetal, etc., Jupiter silver, and when he is in his own house he governs gold, Venus pearls and Saturn governs iron, lead, etc.Saturn controls Sisira, Venus Vasanta, Mars Grishma, Moon Varsha, Mercury Sarat, Jupiter Hemanta, and the Sun Grishma. These seasons may also be indicated by the lord of the Drekkana rising in the lagna at the time of question or consultation of lost horoscopes.
Planets aspect ¼,1/2, ¾ and full in the 3rd and 10th, in the 5th and 9th, in the 4th and 8th and in the 7th respectively. Saturn, Mars and Jupiter have special sights and are powerful in aspecting 3rd and 10th, 4th and 8th and 5th and 9th respectively
An Ayana, a Kshana, a Wasara, a Ruthu, a Masa, an Ardha and a Sama will be the time allotted to the Sun, etc., respectively, for the fulfillment of any act or deed indicated in a question. Pungent, salt, bitter, mixture, sweet, sour and acid are the tastes attributed to the Sun, etc., respectively.
According to some, Sun has Jupiter, Moon has Mercury and Jupiter, Mars has Venus and Mercury, Mercury has all except the Sun; Jupiter has all except Mars; Venus has all except the Sun and the Moon; and Saturn has all except Mars, Moon and the Sun as friends. But according to Satya from the thrikona of the planet the 2nd, 12th, 5th, 9th, the lord of his exaltation. 8th and 4th lords, are friends. The rest are not friends.
Stanza 16 & 17:
PLANETS FRIENDS NEUTRALS ENEMIESSun Moon, Mars Mercury Saturn & Venus & Jupiter Moon Sun & Mars, Jupiter, None Mercury Saturn & VenusMars Jupiter, Sun Saturn & Venus Mercury & MoonMercury Sun & Venus Saturn, Mars & Moon JupiterJupiter Sun, Moon & Saturn Mercury & Venus MarsVenus Mercury & Mars & Sun & Moon Saturn JupiterSaturn Mercury & Jupiter Sun, Moon & Venus Mars
The Planet in the 2nd, 12th, 11th, 3rd, 10th, or 4th from any other planet at the time of birth, becomes his temporary friend. Some say the lord of the house in which a planet is exalted also becomes his friend. The rest (unnamed here) are enemies. The lords of two houses, the lord of one house named and the lord of house not named become friend, neutral, and enemy, respectively. These relations (temporary) must be taken along with the Nisargika (permanent) relations named in the previous stanzas and then friendship, etc., must be finally determined.
By Swochha, Suhrut, Swa Thrikona, Navamsa, the planets get Sthanabala. In the East Jupiter and Mercury, in the North the Sun and Mars, in the West Saturn, and in the South Venus and Moon get Digbala.
Ravi and Chandra have chestabala in Oottarayana. The rest will have chestabala when they have Vakra or Samagama. Those who are in the North of the planetary fight, and those whose rays are bright also possess chestabala.
The night gives Moon, Mars and Saturn Kala Bala. Mercury has it always. The rest are powerful during the day. Benefics have Kalabala during the bright half of the lunar month, while malefics get it during the dark half. The lord of the year, of the day, of the hora, of the masa also gets Kalabala. Sa, Ku, Bu, Gu, Su, Sha, Ra, are respectively stronger than each other.
When benefics are powerless and malefics powerful, and when impotent planets are in quadrants, the birth must be foretold of objects that have resemblance to the nature of the dwadasamsa occupied by Moon at the time, or when under similar conjunctions the birth sign is aspected by impotent planets, the birth of viyonis must be predicted
If powerful malefics occupy their navamsa, if powerless benefics occupy others navamsas and if lagna is viyoni, then viyoni creatures must be predicted
Aries represents head, Taurus face and neck, Gemini front legs, Cancer back, Leo chest, Virgo sides, Libra belly, Scorpio anus, Sagittarius hind legs, Capricorn genitals, Aquarius butt and upper legs, and Pisces tail
The color must be predicted by the birth sign, its amsa, by planets in it or by their aspects. The intensity of the color is known by powerful conjunctions or aspects of planets. By the planets in the 7th the lines or spots on the butt must be identified
Stanza 5: If birth is in pakshi drekkana, if Saturn joins or aspects it, the birth of birds must be predicted. If Moon is there or aspects it, predict the birth of water-birds. If the navamsa falls in Mercurial signs with Saturn in conjunction or aspecting, then ordinary birds, but if Moon joins or aspects it, aquatic birds must be predicted
When the birth sign, Moon, Jupiter and Sun are powerless, the birth of trees must be predicted. The nature of the plants (aquatic or land) must be identified by the rising navamsa, and the number of the trees by the number of the navaaamsas that the lord of the navamsa has passed from his rising amsa in the lagna
Sun produces internally strong trees, Saturn ugly ones, Moon milky trees, Mars dry plants, Mercury and Jupiter fruitless and fruitful ones respectively and Venus flowery trees. Moon makes bright plants and Mars bitter ones
If a benefic occupies a bad sign, then a good tree grows in a bad place, if otherwise it is reversed. The number of trees is determined by the amass the lord has passed from his
Nishika (consummation of marriage)
Mars and the Moon are the cause for monthly menses. When the Moon is in anupachaya rasis the menses for conception occurs. When the reverse is the case, and the masculine benefics aspect, the woman gets sexual union with man.
The sexual union resembles the nature of the Astha rasi. If malefics conjoin or aspect the 7th, union will be consummated under quarrelling, if benefics join or aspect the 7th, the sexual union will be happy.
If Ravi, Chandra, Sukra and Kuja occupy their own navamsas, if Guru is found in lagna or thrikona, conception takes place. If this combination is present in impotent cases, it will be useless as moonlight is to a blind man.
If Kuja and Arkaja occupy the seventh from Ravi and Chandra, they make the man and the woman sick respectively. If they occupy the 12th and the 2nd from Ravi and Chandra, the man and woman will meet with Mrityu respectively. If Kuja and Arkaja join Ravi and Chandra, and has one of their aspects. Death may be foretold for the man and woman respectively.
During the day the Sun stands for father and Venus for mother; during the night Saturn and Moon. Paternal uncles and maternal aunts are to be judged in the reverse order, and if they are in odd and even signs respectively they become beneficial to the parties concerned.
If malefics are approaching the rising sign without beneficial aspects the woman dies. If Saturn occupies the rising sign aspected by Mars or weak Moon she dies.
If the rising sign and the Moon are betwixt two evil planets unaspected by benefics jointly or separately the woman dies in pregnancy
If from the rising sign of the Moon the 4th house is joined by evil planets and Mars is in the 8thhouse, she suffers death. If from lagna, the 4th and 12th houses are occupied by the Sun and Mars and the Moon is weak, she suffers death as before.